A rich archaeological tradition can be found there, Cerro Pintado Geoglyphes and Quitor and Lasana Pukaras confirm how highly developed native towns were by that time.
In Chile’s modern history, Atacama Desert has played an important role in the nation’s development to such an extent as to be a truly silent witness of the glorious past nitrate industry once had. The living testimony expressed by some nitrate offices is the symbol of a no longer existing life which still remains alive in Chile’s memory.
Aridity and dryness in Atacama Desert contrast the fertility found in valleys and oases (such as Azapa Valley and Pica Oasis). Flora and fauna are also an important part of the desert landscape. Protected species in Lauca, Isluga and Surire Salt Flat national parks and monuments symbolize part of the wonderful attractions nature has given this region, where life – despite its inhospitable scenario – has managed to successfully continue.
Desert and Altiplano constantly captivate the visitor due to its diverse geography: Valley of the Moon, portraying its particular rocky shapes, takes this scene to limits out of this world; Atacama Salt Flat and El Tatio Geysers featuring surrealist characteristics rise among the calm thermal waters such as Camina’s as a kind of heavenly paradox which contrasts the endlessly startling reality.
Routes in North Chile
Salar de TaraHere you can explore the Centinales de Pakana, a formation of rocky pillow-like structures that
At the Quepaico River you will be able to see large herds of Lamas and Vicuñas, drinking its salty waters.
The Monjes de Pacana is another geological curiosity: Huge hills that are dispersed among the plain.
Tatio GeysersThe geysers constitute a geothermic field of volcanic origins, where water and vapor are violently expulsed from the earth.
This is definitely a spectacle not to be missed. There are naturally formed thermal pools near the geysers where you may bathe.
Los pueblos del altiplano de AtacamaGet to know Chiu-Chiu, a place situated 30 km from Calama. It is a little village founded by the
About 84 km from Calama you will find Caspana, which is surrounded by a fertile valley made from terraced cultivated areas. This village also stands out due to its architecture of pumice and adobe roofs. It is populated by a powerfully organized society that lives off the flower and vegetable production for the market in Calama.
Socaire is located about 90 km from San Pedro de Atacama. With is Spanish background is it much more than just a village, it is a sequence of terraced cultivated areas on a broad slope, which use the inclination of this area. Here you will find beautiful houses made of stone and in the rear part of the village a small church watches over the place, and sports a stone tower with is sung to every year on August 24 (Fiesta San Bartolomé).
Salar de AtacamaA plateau made up of smaller salt lakes whose waters vary from blues, turquoises, pinks and greys, and surrounded by
The Chaxa Lake is where flamingoes eat the food that gives them their distinctive pink color.